Investing in Closed-End Fund IPOs: A Risky Bet

investor alert.gifLooking for higher returns often means looking for trouble. Some financial advisors seeking to offer investors higher yields have been turning to closed-end funds, which can offer distributions as high as 6%. Unsophisticated investors frequently confuse closed-end funds with standard mutual funds, referred to as “open-end funds.” Closed-end funds are complex investment products that carry unique risks that may be inappropriate for more conservative investors. Last month, FINRA, the overseer of the financial industry, issued an Investor Alert urging investors to proceed with caution when investing in closed-end funds. (See “Related Links” below.) Unlike mutual funds, closed-end funds are typically offered through an initial public offering (IPO). After the IPO, closed-end funds trade like stocks. However, as FINRA noted in their alert, investors pay a premium when buying shares in a closed-end IPO. We blogged about this issue back in July 2009, based on a study by Lipper Research explaining that market prices for closed-end funds often plunge after the IPO. (See “Related Links” below.)

If you are still convinced that investing in a closed-end fund IPO is a good idea, read this post: Closed-End Fund IPOs Often Give Investors the Short End of the Stick

What is a risk-averse investor to do? Make sure that the fund is suitable based on your financial situation, risk tolerance and investment objectives. Although there is no guarantee that a post-IPO plunge will lead to a subsequent gain, consider investing after the IPO. Finally, if getting in on the closed-end fund IPO is simply to good to pass up, go in with the understanding that this should be a long-term investment that may take time before premiums paid at the IPO can be recouped.

Related Links:

FINRA Investor Alert: Closed-End Fund Distribution: Where is the Money Coming From?

July 2009 Blog Post: FINRA Sanctions Merrill Lynch and UBS for Failing to Supervise the Sale of Closed-End Funds.

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